Japan's Records on War Reparations
Japan has not dodged any responsibility for peaceful relations. The general public seems to be ignorant of the fact that Japan has faithfully met, negotiated, and fulfilled rigorous demands on all war-time reparations. Negotiations for post-war reparations started in 1951 and continued until 1977. In all, 54 treaties and agreements were concluded.
It is difficult to simplify the whole picture, but the following table will give you an idea:
of such economic and social infrastructure in Asia would not have been
possible without Japan's ODA. Why was there such a focusing of aid to
Asia? It was shaped from an unspoken consensus and desire among the Japanese
public, even though our legal obligations had been met, to re-build friendship
with our Asian neighbors.
The first country with which Japan concluded an agreement was Myanmar (Burma). A total of about 90 billion yen of indemnity and semi-indemnity were paid out to Myanmar, which was about 9 per cent of Japan's budget. When agreements were concluded with the Philippines, in 1956, Japan's national budget was a little over one trillion yen. Indemnity and semi-indemnity promised to the Philippines totaled 27% of that budget. Similarly, when Korea and Japan reached an agreement in 1965, Japan agreed to pay 180 billion yen (500 million dollars) indemnity and aid. Looking from Korea's point of view, this amount was 1.45 times Korea's national budget, and 3.8 times its foreign reserves. Most of this money was used by the Korean government for the nation's modernization. Korea says that it contributed to 20 per cent of its economic growth between 1966 and 1975, and 8 per cent annually to cover its trade deficit. From 1975, Korea also started compensations to individual citizens for personal losses during the war. However, on the whole, the Korean government chose to use the resources for national prosperity over compensation to private citizens.
Figures are from:
Hoshoron wa Machigatte Iru" ( Mistaken Beliefs in Demands for Post-War
Sankei Newspaper Sept.12th 1994 issue
Spa Magazines Date unknown, 1996 issue
Higeki Nihon to Doitsu" (Dissimilar Tragedies: Japan & Germany)